In the United States, lotteries are run by 48 jurisdictions: 45 states plus the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Lotteries are subject to the laws of and operated independently by each jurisdiction, and there is no national lottery organization. However, consortiums of state lotteries jointly organize games spanning larger geographical footprints, which in turn, carry larger jackpots. Two major lottery games, Mega Millions and Powerball, are both offered in nearly all jurisdictions that operate lotteries, and serve as de facto national lotteries.
There are more than 1,000 smokefree gambling venues in the U.S. Including casinos in a growing number of sovereign Tribes. Casino operators have invested many billions of dollars into new smokefree indoor air casinos in recent years in states like Maryland, Massachusetts, Ohio, and New York. The reason is that some casinos don’t have any restrictions when it comes to casino visitors, as long as they don’t gamble. What this means is that in some gambling establishments, children are allowed to walk around (accompanied by their parents) the premises. What US states don’t have casinos? The following US states do not have casinos. Georgia, Hawaii, Kentucky, New Hampshire, South Carolina, Utah, Vermont, and Virginia do not have any land-based or tribal casinos.
In fiscal 2018, Americans spent $77.7 billion on various lotteries, up about $5 billion from 2017.
Historian Neal Millikan using newspaper advertisements in the colonial era found at least 392 lotteries were held in the 13 colonies.
Lotteries were used not only as a form of entertainment but as a source of revenue to help fund the colonies. The financiers of Jamestown, Virginia, for instance, funded lotteries to raise money to support their colony. These lotteries were quite sophisticated for the time period and even included instant winners. Not long after, each of the 13 original colonies established a lottery system to raise revenue.
In the early post-independence era, legislators commonly authorized lotteries to fund schools, roads, bridges, and other public works. Evangelical reformers in the 1830s began denouncing lotteries on moral grounds and petitioned legislatures and constitutional conventions to ban them. Recurring lottery scandals and a general backlash against legislative corruption following the Panic of 1837 also contributed to anti-lottery sentiments. From 1844 to 1859 alone, 10 new state constitutions contained lottery bans. By 1890, lotteries were prohibited in every state except Delaware and Louisiana.
Lotteries in the United States did not always have sterling reputations. One early lottery in particular, the National Lottery, which was passed by Congress for the beautification of Washington, D.C. and was administered by the municipal government, was the subject of a major U.S. Supreme Court decision – Cohens v. Virginia.
The lottery never paid out,[clarification needed] and it brought to light the prevalent issue of crookedness amongst the lotteries in the United States. The wave of anti-lottery protests finally broke through when, by 1860, all states had prohibited lotteries except Delaware, Missouri, and Kentucky. The scarcity of lotteries in the United States meant that tickets were shipped across the country and eventually led to the creation of illegal lotteries. In 1868, after years of illegal operation, the Louisiana State Lottery Company obtained a 25-year charter for its state lottery system. The charter was passed by the Legislature due to immense bribing from a criminal syndicate in New York. The Louisiana Lottery Company derived 90% of its revenue from tickets sold across state borders. These continued issues of corruption led to the complete prohibition of lotteries in the United States by 1895. It was discovered that the promoters of the Louisiana Lottery Company had accrued immense sums of money from illegitimate sources and that the Legislature was riddled with bribery. Before the advent of government-sponsored lotteries, many illegal lotteries thrived, such as number games.
The first modern government-run US lottery was established in Puerto Rico in 1934. This was followed, decades later, by the New Hampshire lottery in 1964.Instant lottery tickets, also known as scratch cards, were introduced in the 1970s and have become a major source of lottery revenue. Individual lotteries often feature three-digit and four-digit games akin to numbers games; a five number game, and a six number game (the latter two often have a jackpot.) Some lotteries also offer at least one game similar to keno, and some offer video lottery terminals. Presently, many US lotteries support public education systems.
As of November 2019, lotteries are established in 45 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands; the most recent U.S. state to legalize a lottery is Mississippi, with lottery commission members receiving appointments on October 19, 2018.
The first U.S. multi-state lottery game was formed in 1985 in Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont; its flagship game remains Tri-State Megabucks. In 1988, the Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL) was formed with Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Oregon, Rhode Island, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia as its charter members; it is best known for Powerball, which was designed to create large jackpots. Another joint lottery, The Big Game (now called Mega Millions) was formed in 1996 by six lotteries as its charter members.
As of October 2020, each of the 44 state lotteries offer both Mega Millions and Powerball as a result of a 2009 agreement between the Mega Millions consortium and MUSL to cross-license their game to one another's members, although the two organizations continue to administer Mega Millions and Powerball separately. Mississippi was the most recent to join both, beginning sales in January 2020. Puerto Rico is the only jurisdiction not to offer both, as they do not offer Mega Millions.
State lotteries have become a significant source of revenue for states, raising $17.6 billion in profits for state budgets in the 2009 fiscal year (FY) with 11 states collecting more revenue from their state lottery than from their state corporate income tax during FY2009.
Lottery policies within states can have conflicting goals. Given that instructions are passed down from state legislatures, lottery implementation is often expected to be carried out with reduced advertising and funding while still producing the same amount of revenue. This issue led states to look for loopholes in the system. Massachusetts, for example, had its advertising budget dramatically cut, and therefore started using free-play coupons as money to pay for advertising. This led to an IRS investigation into alleged non-reporting of income because the IRS considered the coupons to have monetary value.
States with no lotteries
Among the states that do not have lotteries, Alabama and Utah cite religious objections.Nevada's lucrative gambling industry has lobbied against a state lottery there, fearing the competition; similarly, the Mississippi Gaming Commission expressed concern that a state lottery would constitute a 'competing force' for gambling dollars spent at Mississippi casinos. Despite this, in August 2018, Mississippi passed legislation to create a state lottery. GovernorPhil Bryant expressed his support for the lottery to fund transportation in the state and has indicated he will sign the bill. Sales, initially only scratch tickets, began on November 25, 2019. Mega Millions and Powerball tickets became available to the state on January 30, 2020.
Alaska and Hawaii, being outside the contiguous United States, have not felt the pressure of losing sales to competitors. However in February 2020, Alaska's governor Mike Dunleavy introduced legislation proposing the establishment of an Alaska Lottery Corporation, as part of an effort to overcome a budgetary deficit.
Free spin slot machine games. In recent years, new applications such as Lottery.com and Jackpocket were created for people to purchase lotteries over their smartphones.
|State or Territory||Lottery||Year of|
|District of Columbia||Yes||1982||LFL|
|Kansas||Yes||1987||2by2, LA, LFL|
|Maine||Yes||1974||LA, LFL, TSM|
|New Hampshire||Yes||1964||LFL, TSM|
|North Dakota||Yes||2004||2by2, LA, LFL|
|South Dakota||Yes||1987||LA, LFL|
|U.S. Virgin Islands||Yes||1937||0|
2by2 = 2by2
C4L = Cash4Life
LA = Lotto America
LFL = Lucky for Life
TSM = Tri-State Megabucks consortium
0 = only multi-jurisdictional games are Mega Millions and/or Powerball
Other joint U.S. lotteries
These games also are offered by multiple lotteries. Some of these games feature a shared progressive jackpot (noted by °):
- 2by2 (3 lotteries): Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota
- Cash4Life (9): Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia
- Lotto America° (13): Delaware, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Minnesota, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, West Virginia
- Lucky for Life (26): Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Vermont, Wyoming
- Tri-State Lottery (Megabucks Plus°, Pick 3 (Day & Night), Pick 4 (Day & Night), Fast Play°): Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont
- ^Horton, Alex (October 18, 2018). 'How Mega Millions and Powerball changed the odds to create monster jackpots'. The Washington Post. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
- ^Millikan, Neal (2011). Lotteries in Colonial America. Routledge. p. 2. ISBN9781136674464.
- ^ abcdefghijkRoger Dunstan (January 1997). 'History of Gambling in the United States'. Archived from the original on September 10, 2010.
- ^McMaster, John Bach (1911). A History of the People of the United States: From the Revolution to the Civil War. Appleton and Company. p. 588.
- ^ abcSzymanski, Ann-Marie E. (2003). Pathways to Prohibition: Radicals, Moderates, and Social Movement Outcomes. Duke University Press. pp. 95–96. ISBN978-0-8223-3169-8.
- ^John Houston Merrill; Charles Frederic Williams; Thomas Johnson Michie; David Shephard Garland (1890). The American and English Encyclopædia of Law: Least to Mail. Edward Thompson Company. p. 1172.
- ^Jean Edward Smith, John Marshall: Definer Of A Nation, New York: Henry Holt & Company, 1996, pp. 456-459
- ^'Ley Núm. 74 de 2006 -Ley del Programa de Ayuda a Jugadores Compulsivos de Puerto'. Lexjuris.com. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
- ^Howard, Morgan. 'Gov. Bryant appoints MS Lottery Corporation board of directors'. wlox.com. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
- ^'U.S. lotteries and the state taxman'. Reuters. July 15, 2011.
- ^ abcdNGISC (August 3, 1999). 'National Gambling Impact Study Commission Lotteries'.
- ^ ab'Five states that don't have lotteries'. Playport. July 30, 2019. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
- ^'Knowing Vegas: Why doesn't Nevada have a state lottery?'. Las Vegas Review-Journal. April 11, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
- ^'Mississippi lottery bill passes House, headed to governor'. WAPT. Associated Press. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
- ^Maguire, Sean. 'Governor proposes independent corporation to run an Alaska lottery'. ktuu.com. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
- ^'Jackpocket App Allows You to Buy Lottery Tickets Using Your Phone'. ABC News. September 29, 2015.
- ^'Games'. Multi-State Lottery Association. Archived from the original on May 19, 2016. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
- Dasgupta, Anisha S. 'Public Finance and the Fortunes of the Early American Lottery.' QLR 24 (2005): 227+ Online
- Millikan, Neal. Lotteries in Colonial America (2011). excerpt
- Watson, Alan D. 'The Lottery in Early North Carolina.' North Carolina Historical Review 69.4 (1992): 365-387. Online
A lot of Americans tend to take casino gambling for granted. After all, Las Vegas is a short flight from pretty much anywhere in the country. And if Las Vegas is too far, Atlantic City is closer. In fact, in many cases, you don’t have to hop on a plane. Casinos dot the map in many states, so sometimes all it takes is a short drive, or even a quick bus ride. However, there are still some US states without casinos such as:
- Florida – no commercial casinos, tribal casinos only
- New Hampshire
- Alaska – no commercial casinos, tribal casinos only
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It’s not a surprise that not every state allows casino gambling. In many states, current laws don’t authorize live gambling. Read more about the big ones here:
The state of Utah has no form of gambling whatsoever. There are no charitable casinos. No lotteries. No commercial casinos. No tribal casinos. And no racetracks. Nothing whatsoever. This should come as no surprise given the state’s Mormon roots.
A popular choice for honeymooners and families alike, Hawaii is a gorgeous state with incredible islands. Each island has its own charm (my favorite is Maui) and you’ll find lots of things to do wherever you go. Oahu is fairly busy, particularly Honolulu which is a major urban hub. You’ll find loads of high-end shops and lots to do. But what you won’t find is any ounce of gambling. No commercial casinos, no racinos, nada.
District of Columbia
There aren’t any casinos in the nation’s capital. No commercial casinos, tribal casinos, or even a racetrack. I guess they didn’t want flashing lights spoiling the scenic views and historical significance of the surroundings. That said, trying to push a bill through all the political hoops is pretty much a form of gambling.
Technically, there are some casinos in Florida. Tribal casinos, to be exact. But considering Florida is a huge tourist destination, it seems odd that there are no commercial casinos or resort casinos. There’s a big reason why. Disney owns about 90% of the convention space in the state, or a figure just as ridiculous. Many allege that they have lobbied hard to keep resort style casinos out of the state, fearing that even one property in Orlando can put a huge dent in Disney’s convention space revenue.
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The east coast state has tried to legalize casino gambling. In fact, there was a big push earlier this year. Despite support from a good chunk of the population, legalizing has become a non-starter. That could soon change, though, as neighboring states begin to license more and more casinos, including Massachusetts. As dollars leave the state, New Hampshire might want to stop the flow and keep gambling revenue at home.
States With No Casino Gambling
There are no commercial casinos in Alaska. Technically, tribal gaming is allowed, but other than pull tab centers, you won’t find much in the way of traditional casino gambling. But when it gets that cold in the winter, who’d want to leave their house anyway? Thank goodness for online casino gambling!
What States Don't Have Gambling
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Which States Do Not Have Casinos
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